English Version Projects Climate and Forest Project Ethiopia

Protecting the Last Cloud Forests of Ethiopia

Protecting the Last Cloud Forests of Ethiopia

Climate Protection and Preservation of Primary Forests – A Management Model using the Wild Coffee Forests in Ethiopia as an Example

The remaining afromontane cloud forests in the south-west of Ethiopia are an exceptional natural heritage site and home to numerous animal and plant species, some of them endemic. The region is considered to be the birthplace of Arabica coffee, one of the finest coffees in the world. It first grew here 1,000 of years ago wild in the undergrowth of the forest. Around 5,000 varieties grow wild in these forests – a tremendous range of genetic diversity.

The afromontane cloud forests are also known as Ethiopia’s green lungs. They ensure rainfalls in the region, which feed rivers of nationwide importance. These forests are an important source of food and income for local communities and are considered as an important carbon reservoir with a significant role for global climate protection due to their immense amount of biomass.

NABU and its partners have worked towards the preservation of these forests through the establishment of the UNESCO Kafa Biosphere Reserve in June 2010 and through its project: "Climate Protection and Preservation of Primary Forests – A Management Model using the Wild Coffee Forests in Ethiopia as an Example“. The project is funded by the International Climate Initiative (IKI) from the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB).

The project focuses on forest and climate protection, providing support to the Kafa Biosphere Reserve and improving the livelihoods of the local communities.

Ethiopia's Wild Coffee Forests

Project Area - Kafa Biosphere Reserve

Project Area - Kafa Biosphere Reserve

Kafa Biosphere Reserve is characterised by impressive natural scenery which extends over more than 760,000 hectares. Lush ancient forests, thriving wetlands, steep valleys, towering mountains, and gently rolling plains are home to rare animals and plants. People from many different ethnic groups rely on the forest for a home and food. But the pressure on the forest is too big. mehr More

Hotspot for Biodiversity

Unique coffee forests full of life

Unique coffee forests full of life

The Kafa Zone still boasts large, overlapping areas of mountainous afromontane cloud forest. The region is one of the 34 “Biodiversity Hotspots” worldwide and is therefore of global significance for conservation. Around 100 woody plant species, just as many bird species and 48 mammal species are recorded. Coffee plants are a part of the delicately balanced forest ecosystem in Kafa. mehr More

Importance for Climate Protection

Enormous carbon sink

Enormous carbon sink

Tropical deforestation is one of the main sources of human-origin greenhouse-gas emissions. Alongside serious effects on often endemic biodiversity, large quantities of carbon dioxide have also been released and the carbon-storage capacity of the forest has been markedly reduced. But the Kafa area of forest is estimated to potentially contain around 25 million tons of CO² in above-ground biomass. mehr More

Forest Loss in Kafa

Deforestation damages the ecosystem

Deforestation damages the ecosystem

The peoples' high dependence on subsistence agriculture forces them to clear areas of the forest. As a result of the dependence on wood of the local population, and conversion of the forest to arable land, the biodiversity is being dramatically reduced. Soil erosion, increased water run-off may lead to floodings. The climate change also effects the region already. mehr More

Measures to Protect Climate and Forest

Approach against forest destruction and climate change

Approach against forest destruction and climate change

Destruction of forests is one of the main causes of climate change. NABU aims to conserve Ethiopia's afromontane cloud forests while at the same time addressing the needs of the local population. In coordination with a project team in Ethiopia and in cooperation with administrations and universities the goals should be achieved by a set of different project activities. mehr More

Where to find Kafa






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Contact persons in Germany and Ethiopia Mehr



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